On your trip to Colombia, you can enjoy stunning cities like Bogotá, Medellín, Cali or Cartagena, delight in the colorful Barranquilla Carnival and soak up the natural beauty of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range and Tayrona National Park. To make the most of your stay, let’s get familiar with some of the practicalities that will help you navigate the country and its culture.



The best times to visit

Dry Season (December to March)

Pros: Sunny skies, clear hikes, ideal for exploring the Andes and Caribbean coast. Less rain throughout the country. Peak festival season with Carnaval in Barranquilla and festivals in Medellin and Cali.
Cons: Higher prices and larger crowds, especially around Christmas and New Year’s.
Shoulder Seasons (April to May, June to September)

Pros: Pleasant weather with occasional rain, ideal for hiking and outdoor activities. Lower prices and fewer crowds. Good time for whale watching on the Pacific coast.
Cons: Rainy season in some regions, especially the Amazon and western Colombia. Some festivals may not be happening.

Rainy Season (October and November)

Pros: Low season with the best deals and fewest crowds. Lush greenery and vibrant landscapes. Good time for birdwatching.

Cons: Frequent rain showers, especially in the afternoons. Some attractions and activities may be limited due to weather.

Colombia Tours

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Medellín & Cartagena

Getaway 6 days
$629 Tour list image

Discover Cartagena

Getaway 4 days
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Highlights of Bogota

Getaway 4 days
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Ensure your passport is valid for at least six months beyond your planned departure date.


Many nationalities, including the United States, European Union, and Canada, can enter Colombia as tourists for up to 90 days without a visa. Check visa requirements based on your nationality before traveling.

Yellow Fever Vaccine

If you're traveling to certain regions in Colombia, especially jungle areas, a yellow fever vaccine might be required. Check with your local health authority for vaccination recommendations.

Travel Insurance

While not mandatory, it's advisable to have travel insurance that covers medical emergencies and trip cancellations.


  • Security: Colombia has made significant progress in terms of safety, but it's still essential to stay vigilant, particularly in certain areas. Stay updated on current travel advisories and follow the advice of local authorities.
  • Drug Laws: Engaging in drug-related activities is illegal and can result in severe penalties.
  • Cultural Sensitivity: Respect the local customs and traditions. It's best to dress modestly when visiting religious sites or more conservative regions.
  • Environmental Preservation: Help protect Colombia's natural beauty by practicing responsible tourism. Avoid littering and adhere to park rules and regulations.

What to Bring

  • Lightweight and breathable clothing suitable for warm and humid weather.
  • Comfortable walking shoes for exploring cities and hiking.
  • Rain gear, especially if you're visiting during the rainy season.
  • Insect repellent to guard against mosquitoes, particularly in jungle areas.
  • Sunscreen, sunglasses, and a hat for protection against the sun.
  • A copy of important documents (passport, travel insurance, etc.) stored separately from the originals.
  • A money belt or secure bag to keep your valuables safe.

How to Dress

  • Colombia generally has a casual dress code. Lightweight, comfortable clothing is suitable for most regions.
  • In major cities like Bogotá and Medellín, dressing slightly more formally is common for business and upscale establishments.
  • If visiting religious sites or rural areas, it's respectful to dress more modestly, covering shoulders and knees.

Best Time to Visit

Colombia's climate varies based on region, but in general, the dry season from December to March and July to August is considered the best time to visit. However, Colombia's diverse geography means you can visit year-round. Keep in mind that popular tourist destinations may be busier during peak travel seasons.


  • Colombia experiences a tropical climate, with temperatures influenced by altitude.
  • Coastal areas, including Cartagena and Santa Marta, tend to be hot and humid year-round.
  • In the Andean region, which includes cities like Bogotá and Medellín, temperatures are more moderate due to the altitude.
  • Higher altitudes, such as the coffee region or Bogotá, can be cooler, especially at night.


  • Colombian cuisine is diverse and varies by region.
  • Don't miss trying bandeja paisa, a hearty dish featuring rice, beans, meat, avocado, plantain, and more.
  • Arepas (cornmeal flatbreads) and empanadas (stuffed pastries) are popular street food options.
  • Colombia is known for its coffee, so make sure to try some while you're there.

Phone Connectivity/Internet:

  • Major cities and tourist areas in Colombia have reliable mobile network coverage and internet access.
  • Check with your mobile service provider about international roaming plans or consider purchasing a local SIM card upon arrival.

Power Adapters

  • Colombia uses Type A and Type B electrical outlets.
  • Type A outlets have two flat parallel pins, while Type B outlets have two flat parallel pins with a grounding pin.
  • It's advisable to bring a universal travel adapter that can accommodate both types.


  • Colombians are known for their warmth and friendliness.
  • Family and community values are essential in Colombian culture.
  • Colombian festivals, such as the Carnaval de Barranquilla, showcase vibrant music, dance, and traditions.
  • Respect for elders and politeness are valued cultural traits.
  • Learn a few basic Spanish phrases to communicate with locals, as English may not be widely spoken in some areas.

Remember to always check for up-to-date travel advisories and consult official sources before your trip to Colombia. Enjoy your journey and embrace the beauty and diversity of this wonderful country!